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Know Things Related to Skin Care

Skin care is a treatment procedure performed to maintain healthy skin and overcome various skin problems on the face. This type of treatment is one of the most common procedures and can be done routinely, both at home and in aesthetic clinics or hospitals. The skin is one of the organs in the human body. As the outer layer of the body, the skin has the main task of protecting the body from changes in temperature, microorganisms, radiation and chemical exposure, as well as pressure from outside the body. In addition, the skin also functions as a sense of touch and controls various aspects of the physiology of the human body, such as adjusting temperature and maintaining body fluid balance through sweating. Early skin care is very important to maintain and maintain skin function and youthfulness. In addition, skin care also has several benefits, including:
  • Improve the appearance of facial skin.
  • Treat and alleviate disorders that occur on facial skin.
  • Prevent problems that might occur in the future, such as wrinkles or skin cancer.

Skin Care Indications

Although it can be done as an act of maintaining skin health, but there are some special conditions that cause a patient to need skin care, including:
  • Pimples or acne scars.
  • Blackheads (black or white).
  • Wrinkles due to aging (wrinkles).
  • Pigment disorders in the form of hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation, for example melasma or black spots.
  • Large pores.
  • Dull facial skin.
  • Rosacea.
  • Mole.
  • Warts.
  • Scars on the face.

Facial Skin Type

Skin conditions generally depend on the level of moisture, softness, and sensitivity of the skin. However, this condition can change with age, environmental conditions, and the type of routine care performed. Skin types are divided into several types, including:
  • Normal skin types, namely the condition of facial skin that has a balanced water and oil (sebum) content, so the skin is not too dry and not too oily. Normal skin types generally do not have too many problems, with pores that are almost invisible, and look healthy glowing.
  • Dry skin type, namely the condition of facial skin that produces less oil than normal skin. A little oil content causes facial skin to peel easily because it is unable to maintain moisture. Although the pores of the owner of dry skin are almost invisible, but the type of dry skin tends to look dull and rough easily. In conditions that are too dry, the skin can feel itchy and easily inflamed.
  • Oily skin types, namely the condition of facial skin that produces more oil than normal skin. This condition is usually caused by several things, including heredity, hormonal conditions, and environmental influences such as weather factors. Oily skin types are characterized by larger pore sizes, shiny skin, and more prone to blackheads or acne.
  • Combination skin type, which is a condition of facial skin that is normal or dry in some parts of the face and oily on other parts of the face (usually on the nose, forehead, and chin). This skin type is characterized by pores that look bigger, blackheads, and shiny.
  • Type of sensitive skin, namely the type of facial skin with a high level of sensitivity (sensitivity). This condition occurs because the natural barrier function of the skin weakens, making it easy to experience disorders that arise as a reaction to various trigger factors, such as weather changes, stress, hormonal changes, pets, dust, to chemicals. Therefore, owners of sensitive skin need to be more careful in choosing products and skin care measures. Sensitive skin types are characterized by skin that is reddish, itchy and dry.


Before patients undergo skin care, there are some things that need to be considered and consulted with a doctor in advance to prevent risks that may occur or unsatisfactory results. Warnings may differ depending on the type of skin care the patient will undergo, but things that generally need to be done include:
  • Tell your doctor if you have an allergy to drugs and chemical substances or solutions used during the treatment procedure.
  • Tell your doctor if you have a history of skin inflammation, such as rosacea, psoriasis or atopic eczema.
  • Tell your doctor if you have a history of an infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking special facial medicines, especially isotretinoin, and drugs that increase the risk of bleeding, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, at least 10 days before the procedure.
  • Tell your doctor if you have or are suffering from an autoimmune disease or a low immune system.
  • Tell your doctor if you have open sores or keloids (scars in the form of scar tissue).
  • Tell your doctor if you just had surgery around the face in 2 months.
Some types of skin care, such as microdermabrasion and laser, may not be recommended for people with dark skin color, because of the risk of causing changes in skin pigmentation.

Before Skin Care

Before the patient undergoes facial skin care, the patient will first consult with a dermatologist or aesthetic specialist. The doctor will ask and trace about complaints of skin problems experienced by patients, a history of skin diseases that have been experienced, and the desired results. Next, the doctor will examine the patient's skin condition and its disorders. Through this examination, the doctor can identify the patient's skin type and determine the appropriate type of facial skin care. After the patient underwent the examination process, the doctor will explain about the skin care procedures that will be performed and the expected results of these actions, along with the risk of being aware of the patient. In addition, there are several things that patients need to do before undergoing facial skin care, including:
  • Avoid direct sunlight for several weeks before undergoing facial skin care procedures. This is done to prevent the risk of changes in pigmentation on facial skin.
  • Avoid using facial care medicines that can cause facial skin peels for several days before treatment.
  • Avoid beauty treatment procedures, such as massage, scrub, or face masks and remove facial hair (waxing), at least a week before treatment.
  • Avoid smoking at least 2 weeks before and after undergoing skin care, because smoking can inhibit the healing process.
  • For patients who have a history of herpes infection around the mouth, the doctor will give antiviral medication to be consumed before and after the treatment procedure to prevent the infection from re-occurring.
  • Remove all jewelry and clean makeup that might be in use with water and soap.
  • Invite family members or relatives to accompany and escort patients home. This is done because some facial skin care procedures use sedatives, such as moderate or severe category peels.
For some treatment measures, such as intensed pulse light (IPL) and microdermabrasion, the doctor may take a photo of the patient's face first before the treatment.

Skin Care Procedure

Facial skin care is generally varied and adapted to the conditions and disorders of facial skin that are owned and experienced by patients. Some types of facial skin care, including:
  • Facial. This is one type of facial skin care that is carried out through a number of steps, such as cleansing, steaming, exfoliation, exfoliation and blackheads, extractions, facial massage, use of facial masks. (facial mask), as well as the use of serum, moisturizer, toner, and sunscreen if facials are done during the day.
  • Peeling, is a skin care procedure performed using chemical solutions to remove or remove dead skin cells.
  • Facial cauterization, is a type of facial skin care procedure to treat wounds or remove lesions on facial skin tissue. This treatment procedure is part of an electrical surgery performed using a metal instrument like a pencil to conduct high-frequency electric currents that generate heat, to the area of ​​the facial skin that will undergo treatment. This action is usually done to deal with facial warts and skin tags (growing flesh).
  • Laser. This is a type of facial skin care therapy using laser light that has been determined to remove the wavelength of cells and layers of dead skin and rejuvenate the skin. Laser treatment is also done to reduce wrinkles, acne scars, and fine lines on the face. In addition, the laser is also used to remove hair. Laser treatments can use two types of lasers, namely carbon dioxide and erbium.
  • Intense pulse light (IPL), which is one type of facial skin care therapy using a device that emits high-intensity light waves. IPL is done to overcome various disorders of the facial skin, such as scars, acne scars, rosacea, age spots, damage to facial skin due to sunlight, and to remove hair.
  • Microdermabrasion. This is a type of facial skin care procedure to renew skin texture and color, and help eliminate wrinkles, fine lines, spots due to aging, melasma, or skin damage from the sun. Microdermabrasion is carried out using a special tool that has a rough surface to sand the outer layer of the skin, in order to provoke smoother, less bumpy skin growth.
  • Radiothermoplasty (thermage), a method of facial treatment to tighten and correct contours or fine lines on the face and neck. This method is done by using radio waves that can generate heat to tighten the skin's tissue and structure, so that the skin layer does not need to go through the peeling process. Thermage can be done on all skin types.

After Facial Skin Care

Doctors usually allow patients to go home and resume activities as usual after undergoing skin care. The doctor will also give special instructions that the patient must undergo during the recovery period at home, according to the skin care performed. With the aim of helping the healing process and maximize the results to be achieved. Patients may experience redness and swelling for several days or weeks according to the skin condition and type of treatment performed. Burning and throbbing sensations in the skin area may also be experienced by patients undergoing peeling and microdermabrasion. Patients are advised to avoid exposure to direct sunlight by using sunscreen and covering the area of ​​skin that has undergone treatment. This is done because the new layer of skin is still vulnerable to sunlight. To overcome the disruption that occurs in the skin area, the doctor will advise patients to use protective ointments, such as petroleum jelly, and ice compresses to relieve the burning sensation and burning sensation that may be experienced. Some types of facial skin care, such as IPL and peeling, may require repeated treatments to get the desired results. Re-treatment is generally done with a lag of about 1 month. Whatever type of skin you have, here are some ways to treat your skin in the best condition, including:
  • Protect skin from direct sunlight by using sunscreen that is able to inhibit ultraviolet rays.
  • Use clothing that covers the skin, such as long-sleeved shirts, hats and sunglasses when leaving the house.
  • Avoid smoking because it can interfere with the youthfulness of the skin.
  • Consumption of healthy and nutritious foods, and multiply the consumption of fluids.
  • Clean the skin gently every day by using soap that suits the skin condition.
  • Avoid using makeup (makeup) when going to sleep.
  • Use skin moisturizers regularly.
  • Avoid stress because it can cause the skin to become more sensitive and breakouts.

Risk of Skin Care

Facial skin care is a safe procedure performed, although there are some risks of side effects that some patients may experience, including:
  • An allergic reaction to certain drugs, materials or chemical solutions used during the treatment procedure.
  • Infection caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Especially if there are scars on the area being treated.
  • Scar. Although rare, some facial skin care methods, such as peels and lasers, can cause scars or scarring. Your doctor may give antibiotics and corticosteroids to reduce the appearance of scars on the face.
  • Inflammation. Some facial skin care methods, such as lasers and microdermabrasion, risk causing facial skin inflammation. Inflammation is generally characterized by skin redness, swelling, and itching.
  • Skin discoloration. Facial skin treatments, such as lasers and peels, can cause areas of facial skin undergoing treatment to be darker (hyperpigmentation) or lighter (hypopigmentation) than the surrounding skin. This condition can be permanent, but can be prevented by using sunscreen regularly during the healing process.
In order for the skin care undertaken to be effective and give the expected results, first consult with a dermatologist. Avoid undergoing skin care at beauty services without doctor's supervision. Routinely do skin care at home according to doctor's instructions, so that skin health is always maintained.